SEMINAIRE DE RECHERCHE EN ECONOMIE - GATE L-SE : CAMILLE HEMET
Le 20 octobre 2016
10h45 - 12h00
Salle de réunion 009 GATE Lyon Saint-Etienne
10, Rue Tréfilerie
42023 Saint Etienne Cedex 2
Campus Tréfilerie - GATE LSE - Maison de l'Université Bâtiment B
Camille Hémet, Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris), présentera un séminaire intitulé :
Next train to the polycentric city : The effect of railroads on subcenter formation.
Thème de recherche / Main topics : Public Economics, Urban Economics, Transportation.
Résumé / abstract :
Recent evidence reveals that transportation’s improvements within metropolitan areas have a clear effect on population and job decentralization processes. Yet, very little has been said on how these improvements affect the spatial organization of the economic activity in the suburbs. This paper analyses the effects of transportation’s changes on employment subcenters formation. Using data from metropolitan Paris between 1968 and 2010, we first show that rail network improvements cause the expected job decentralization by attracting jobs to suburban municipalities. Our main contribution is to show that the new rail transit clearly affects the spatial organization of employment through the number and size of the employment subcenters : not only does the presence of a rail station increase the probability of a suburban municipality of belonging to a subcenter by 5 to 10 %, but a 10 % increase in municipality proximity to a suburban station is found to increase its chance to be part of a subcenter by 3 to 5 %.
Co-auteurs/Joint work with : Miguel Ángel García-López & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal