Table des matières
Web mapping is the process of using maps over the Internet. It needs server-side application, client-side application (web browser) and database. Users may ask to server, with a web browser and web services, to show geodata on a map.
Web mapping uses technologies as WMS services (Web Map Service) generated by servers, like GeoServer or MapServer, for serving georeferenced map images or WFS services (Web Feature Service) for providing geographical entities (points, lines, polygons…). These protocols are standards from OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium).
One of the most famous collaborative web mapping project is OpenStreetMap. The big tech companies also have their own web mapping application : Google Maps, Bing Maps, Apple Maps…